The Templars And The Crusades
The highest rank in the Templar hierarchy was the Grand Master, who was responsible for the command of the entire order. The majority of Templar Grand Masters were French, the nation in which the order was founded. In addition to administration, the Templar Grand Masters were formidable warriors and often killed in battle.
A Grand Master was entitled to:
1 Chaplain Brother
1 clerk with 3 horses
1 Sergeant Brother with 2 horses
1 gentleman valet to carry his lance and shield, with 1 horse
1 Saracen scribe
2 foot soldiers
1 turcoman (war horse)
2 knight brothers as companions
The second most important role in the Templars was the Seneschal, effectively the deputy. The Seneschal’s responsibilities included acting as advisor to the Grand Master and dealing with administrative duties.
Many Templar Grand Masters served as Seneschals earlier in their careers.
MASTER (OF A COUNTRY)
Every nation had its own Templar Master, subject to the authority of the Grand Master
The Marshal’s role was predominantly military based, effectively in charge of battle. His retinue included:
Responsible for footmen and equipment.
In control of squires.
The draper was a role of some repute in the Templar order, and was valued above that of an ordinary knight. The draper was responsible for the members’ garments and linens. His title entitled him to
1 brother in charge of pack animals
COMMANDER OF THE LANDS
The commanders were in charge of the administration of their regions, such as Jerusalem, Antioch and Tripoli. Their duties involved mainly castles, churches, farms and Templars houses. Their retinue entitled them:
2 Foot soldiers
1 Saracen scribe
1 Palfrey (packhorse)
COMMANDERS OF KNIGHTS, HOUSES AND FARMS
Responsible for day to day running of estates. The position was usually filled by a knight, though sometimes a sergeant. Knights were allowed 4 horses, sergeants 2.
Governors of western provinces, though largely required for dealing with recruiting new men.
Knights were usually of noble birth and their primary purpose was fighting in battle. The knight was famous for adorning the white mantle and red cross. The retinue included 1 squire and 3 horses.
Sergeants were men of lesser birth, and wore black or brown mantles rather than white. Sergeants often performed various skilled and unskilled tasks such as seeing to horses or acting as blacksmiths. Sergeants were entitled to 1 horse in battle.